Saturday, April 22, 2017

Fantastic Spring

Trees are leafing out

Some wildflowers are going to seed, other new ones are beginning to peak.


Forest changes week to week. Last week these flowers were in peak bloom.

I would expect to see something like this along the coast in California, not along the Potomac.





Blue bells in late March

White bells in late March

No bells
We've been having a fantastic spring around the D.C. area this year, with many bright days. The forest is in rapid change mode, the sights change week to week and will continue to do so until the fall. Flowers that were once here a week or two ago disappear and new ones arrive...

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Diamond Days

Potomac River, high and muddy







Springtime in the Washington D.C. area is pretty special. It can be hard to withstand the cold and grey days of winter. Suddenly though, the temperatures begin to rise, the sunlight starts to intensify. Before long, we are gifted with spectacular crisp, bright blue days. Sometimes it seems we receive only a handful of them before the heavy humidity and heat of summer arrives.

Yesterday was one of those "diamond days," temperatures in the upper 70's and bright blue sky. To any wildflower lovers out there, now is a great time to walk along the Potomac as all the flowers budding right now are either in full display or just beginning to bud...

Saturday, April 1, 2017

We Have Some Good News On The California Drought. Take A Look (New York Times)

Here's an interesting article that appeared this week in the New York Times about California's drought situation and incredible snow pack this winter with photos comparing 2017 to 2015...

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Spring Has Arrived


Potomac River






I think it's safe to say Spring has arrived this week after being put on hold for a while. Leaves are just starting to bud on some trees around the area and many types of wildflowers are popping along the Potomac River...

Friday, March 17, 2017

California Deserts in "Super Bloom" Thanks To A Wet Winter (NPR)


California Deserts are in a "Super Bloom" according to NPR today. When I lived in LA several years ago, I had the privilege to visit Anza Borrego two springs in a row during peak wildflower season, an experience I will never forget and would recommend to anyone. The abundance of colors, the silence, and the intensity of the light created a powerful experience...

Thursday, March 16, 2017

First (and Last?) Snow of 2016/17 Winter

One week before spring, we received the first measurable snowfall of the 2016/17 winter on Tuesday. A slushy, icy, mix of just a couple of inches. Enough to close schools, and thinly carpet the woods...

Saturday, February 25, 2017

Gold Mining in Montgomery County Maryland

Random quartz rocks along trail

I follow the littering of quarts pieces up the hillside.

More chunks and flakes of quartz litter the ground as I continue further up the hill

Suddenly there appears several rusted pieces of equipment and manmade trenches and pits now filled and covered with leaves.

Quartz and earthen pits and mounds

I think this could be the spot of the collapsed mine shaft now filled with leaves.

The invasive lesser celandine already popping up on the forest floor after an incredibly warm week where temperatures were in the upper 70's here in Maryland for several days.
I've been doing a lot of exploring around Great Falls and along the Potomac River this winter, mostly measuring trees. One of the surprises during my wanderings was learning that gold mining used to take place in Maryland. Gold Mining took place near Great Falls pretty much right after the Civil War until around 1950 or so. Supposedly, only about 5,000 ounces of gold have been recorded by the U. S. Mint as having come from Maryland (Montgomery County) in that time. Near Great Falls,  miners went as far as 300 feet down and blasted, picked and chiseled away at rock to get the gold out. Tons of stone was sent to the surface to be crushed in mills. The crushed ore was mixed with mercury to draw the gold from the powdered stone.

I was reminded of a hike I took several months ago in my neighborhood woods where I grew up, several miles away from Great Falls and the Potomac River: Many times during past hikes over the years, the trail in my neighborhood woods passes a certain spot where there are quartz fragments littered about. I always noticed them, but never thought much about it. Several months ago, I passed the same spot again and decided to investigate. I followed the quartz fragments up the hillside and eventually discovered several earthen mounds and trenches that were clearly man made, but had been reclaimed by the forest. Pieces of quartz littered the ground. There were rusted pieces of metal in the mounds as well. At the time, I assumed maybe it was somebody's old landfill or something.

It wasn't until a few weeks ago when I read a sign near one of the abandoned gold mines near Great Falls, when the pieces of the puzzle came together. The old miners extracted the gold from pieces of quartz. The round, sunken earth pits were mine shafts, and the trenches were dug for optimum water flow off the hillside. If I had to guess, the gold mine in my neighborhood woods was probably one of the later mines from the 1940's or 50's.

Here are a few links on the subject http://www.mgs.md.gov/geology/minerals_energy_resources/gold.html

http://web.archive.org/web/20060924104119/www.mineralcollecting.org/articles/15.shtml

http://www.goldrushnuggets.com/goldinmaryland.html

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/maryland-mine-fueling-gold-filled-dreams-in-montgomery-in-days-gone-by/2011/04/14/AFrys3kE_story.html?utm_term=.54279ab78dd9

http://www.abandonedcountry.com/2013/02/18/eastern-gold-part-ii-great-falls-maryland-and-a-road-paved-with-gold-2/

Monday, February 20, 2017

Calvert Cliffs: Chesapeake Bay








It's been over 15 years since I last visited Calvert Cliffs along the Chesapeake Bay. It's amazing how much I didn't remember about the place. I didn't remember the crowds, the 1.8 mile hike to the beach, the large parking area, the playground equipment, the small beach, the offshore natural gas shipping terminal.

We've had a beautiful, warm, President's Day weekend. I visited Calvert Cliffs on Saturday. I guess due to the nice weather, lots of other folks also decided to visit. Temperatures were probably near 70 degrees, much cooler and windier along the beach. I like to do a lot of my hiking and exploring alone, and I wouldn't recommend this hike if you are looking for some solitude, unless you explore some of the side trails. This is a great hike for families, couples, and groups of friends. I was disappointed how small the beach was, the cliffs fenced off to the public. Basically everyone gets herded into an area smaller than a football field. One of the highlights is searching for fossils and sharks teeth which date from the Miocene Period. While the Miocene ranged from 24.6 to 5.1 million years ago, most of the fossils found at Calvert Cliffs date from eight to 11 million years ago. Last time I was here, I remember finding several sharks teeth. Not this time unfortunately.

Overall, I think Calvert Ciffs is worth the visit, just keep in mind that you will be sharing it with lots of other people. The 1.8 mile hike to the beach was flat and easy...

Friday, February 10, 2017

1000 Years Ago, Corn Made This Society Big. Then A Changing Climate Destroyed It

video
I had the pleasure of visiting Cahokia by chance, a prehistoric earth mound city just outside of St. Louis on the Mississippi River, two summers ago, when I drove cross country from California back to Maryland to begin the Appalachian Trail. It was a beautiful, warm, summer's evening when I arrived and walked around part of the abandoned city. The idea of a large, thriving Native American society which suddenly disappeared before the first Europeans arrived on the continent was and still is very intriguing to me. In fact, I had never even heard of the place until I was in my 30's.  Here's a neat article from NPR on the city and a new theory which may have led to its demise...

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

U.S. to Grant Final Permit for Dakota Pipeline

Another strike against clean water in America. This pretty much puts the final nail in the coffin. Let's hope those who argue pipelines are a completely safe method of oil transport are correct...

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Donald Trump Advances Approval of the Keystone XL and Dakota Access Oil Pipelines

Now more than ever, for those of us who love the land, clean air, and clean water, we must remain vigilant...

Saturday, January 14, 2017

Tsankawi Village: Bandelier National Monument (Winter Break Day 6)




Well worn footpaths



Unexcavated puebloan ruin of Tsankawi

Camo sits inside a spacious well ventilated room once used by the Ancestral Tewa Pueblo people over 600 years ago.

View from inside the room














Here's to a happy and healthy 2017!
It was a cold, foggy morning on the first day of 2017 in Bandelier National Monument. Camo, Moosie, and I had a 10 hour drive to head back east to Texas where Moosie and I had planes to catch the next day. Our winter break road trip was coming to a close.

Before leaving Bandelier, we were treated to one more fantastic trail, the Tsankawi Village Trail. Moosie, Camo, and I took about two hours to slowly walk the route which led through the un-excavated ruins of the village which was once home to the Ancestral Tewa Pueblo in the 1400's. There were about 275 ground floor rooms there, many were once one to two stories high at the time. The views were spectacular once again, the air cold and crisp. There were well worn footpaths carved along the canyon walls by the Ancestral Pueblo people, made deeper by modern day tourists and visitors. Petroglyphs and pottery sherds were abundant. We only saw one other visitor on this New Year's morning, and were able to quietly contemplate the people who once lived here, and think about what the new year would bring. Once again, I was fascinated by the numbers of people that once lived there, as well as the surrounding canyons off limits to visitors.

Our time was short, so eventually Camo, Moosie, and I made our way back to the car. Before long, we were staring out the windows over the Texas plains. I was feeling rejuvenated, thankful for another opportunity to see a small portion of the southwest...